Defining eating disorders is no longer limited to anorexia or bulimia. Eating disorder behaviors are dangerous and concerning, no matter how they are enacted upon or by whom.
Drunkorexia is an increasing problem in college and university age young people around the world. Years ago, a problem came to light that in order to obtain a greater level of intoxication, students would starve themselves throughout the day. The reason? Less food in the stomach meant less substance in the way of absorbing alcohol. With an empty stomach, alcohol would be absorbed more quickly, with less alcohol. Saving money on drinks and getting more drunk, the practice made sense to students. Today, the trend has turned toward body image rather than alcoholism. The practice of starvation is to compensate for the sugary calories from alcohol. After consuming alcohol, students engage in purging practices to try and reduce more calories.
Bigorexia is a preoccupation with gaining muscle mass rather than losing it. Bodybuilders especially are prone to bigorexia. No matter how increased their muscular sculpture becomes, people suffering from bigorexia see themselves as much smaller than they actually are. Resorting to harmful practices like extreme eating, steroids, and obscure animal products, bigorexia can lead to dangerous health complications.
Rather than consume anything to get big, orthorexia has hyperfocus on consuming only clean foods. Resulting from the clean eating trend, orthorexics become anxious about the foods they consume for fear of disrupting their internal systems. Restricting specific food groups or types of eating can produce more harm for the body than good. Though the diet seems disciplined and healthy, it is exclusive and imbalanced. Like anorexics, orthorexics can experience health implications and cognitive impairments. Social anxiety results from feeling afraid of what food will be offered and having to turn it down.
Looking picture perfect on what society emphasizes to be the most important day of a woman’s life creates a lot of pressure. Determined to fit into a certain dress size and look a certain way, brides-to-be take to harmful eating practices such as crash dieting, extreme dieting, restricted diet, and even starvation or purging. Nutritional deficiency will negatively influence the bride’s emotions and ability to make decisions, which can exacerbate the stress of wedding planning. Ultimately, the bride is at risk for ruining her perfect day and her health.
Body image sensitivity and pregnancy are like oil and water. Gaining weight as a result of pregnancy can be very uncomfortable for some women. To regulate their weight during pregnancy and get back to ‘normal’ weight after childbirth, women will restrict food, use laxatives, or purge. They may do too much exercise. These practices harm both the mother and the child. Complications in childbirth can arise as a result of pregorexia.